Exploring the Indian Passport: Application, Types, Fees, Processing Time, and More

byDilip PrasadLast Updated: November 16, 2023
Exploring the Indian Passport: Application, Types, Fees, Processing Time, and More

In this fast-paced and interconnected world, the need for a passport has become increasingly essential. Whether you are dreaming of embarking on an adventure abroad, planning a business trip, or simply seeking a new experience in a different country, a passport is your key to international travel. But what exactly is a passport, and how can you obtain one? In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of passports, exploring their types, the application process, and much more.

What is a Passport?

A passport is an official government-issued document that serves as a form of identification and travel document for individuals who wish to travel internationally. It verifies the holder’s identity and nationality, allowing them to enter and exit foreign countries. Passports typically contain personal information such as the holder’s full name, date of birth, photograph, signature, and details about their citizenship. This essential document is recognized worldwide and is required by immigration authorities for international travel. It serves as proof of identity and citizenship, ensuring a safe and secure journey across borders.

Features of Passport

The Indian passport, issued by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, comes with several features that ensure its security and authenticity. Here are some notable features of the Indian passport:

  • Biometric Information: The Indian passport includes biometric data such as a photograph and fingerprints of the passport holder, making it more secure and difficult to counterfeit.
  • Machine-Readable: Indian passports are machine-readable, with a unique barcode and information encoded on the data page. This allows for quick and efficient processing at immigration checkpoints.
  • Security Printing: The passport is printed using advanced security printing techniques, including watermarks, microprinting, and hidden security threads, which make it difficult to duplicate or tamper with.
  • Holographic Images: The passport features holographic images, including the national emblem and the passport holder’s photograph, which provide an additional layer of security against counterfeiting.
  • Fluorescent Printing: Certain elements of the passport, such as the passport number and the holder’s personal details, are printed using fluorescent ink. These elements are only visible under specific lighting conditions, making it easier to identify genuine passports.
  • Personalized Data Page: Each passport contains a personalized data page that includes the holder’s photograph, signature, and other personal details. This page is protected against alterations and tampering.
  • Multi-Layered Lamination: The passport is protected with multi-layered lamination, which enhances its durability and prevents damage from wear and tear.
  • International Security Standards: The Indian passport meets international security standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), ensuring its acceptance and recognition worldwide.

Importance of Having a Passport

A passport holds immense importance in the lives of individuals, both for travel and various other aspects of life. Here are some key pointers highlighting the importance of a passport:

  • International Travel: A passport is the primary identification and travel document for crossing international borders. It is essential for vacations, business trips, study abroad programs, and more.
  • Proof of Citizenship: A passport serves as concrete proof of one’s citizenship in their respective country. It verifies the individual’s legal status as a citizen.
  • Visa Application: Most countries require a valid passport for visa applications. It is a fundamental document when seeking permission to enter another country for any purpose.
  • Access to Services: A passport may be needed to access certain government services in one’s home country, such as applying for a government job or receiving consular assistance while abroad.
  • Banking and Financial Transactions: A passport is often required for opening bank accounts, engaging in financial transactions, and proving identity for various financial services.
  • Legal Documentation: It can serve as a primary identification document for legal purposes, including getting married, adopting a child, or handling legal matters in a foreign country.
  • Insurance and Healthcare: A passport can be used as an identification document for accessing healthcare services and insurance coverage while abroad.
  • Personal Records: A passport can serve as a historical record of one’s international travels and experiences, creating a valuable personal document.
  • Cultural Exchange: A passport enables individuals to explore different cultures, traditions, and languages, promoting global understanding and cultural exchange.
  • Global Opportunities: Having a passport opens up a world of opportunities for personal and professional growth, expanding horizons and broadening perspectives.

What Are the Different Types of Indian Passports?

In India, there are various types of passports available to cater to different individuals’ travel requirements. Let’s explore the different types of Indian passports:

  1. Blue Passport (Type P Passport)

The ordinary passport, also known as a Type P passport, is the standard passport issued to regular Indian citizens who intend to travel abroad for various purposes such as business or leisure. These passports are recognizable by their navy blue color and are primarily intended for personal trips, including educational, business, vacation, employment, and other forms of travel. It’s important to note that the majority of Indian citizens hold this general-purpose or ordinary passport.

Key Features of the Ordinary Passport:

  • Common Usage: The ordinary or Type P passport is the most widely issued passport type for the general public when traveling for leisure or business purposes.
  • Identification: Its primary function is to assist foreign authorities in distinguishing between regular citizens and government officials. The blue color of the passport aids in quickly identifying the traveler’s non-official status.
  • Personal Information: Each ordinary passport contains essential personal details such as the traveler’s name, date of birth, and a photograph. These details are vital for identification and immigration purposes.
  1. White Passport

Among various passport types, the White Passport stands out as a symbol of significant authority. This passport is exclusively reserved for Indian government officials eligible for official foreign travel. Its distinct white cover serves as a formal visual cue for immigration officials and customs, enabling them to promptly identify government officials and treat them with the required formality.

Key Features of the White Passport:

  • Exclusive Eligibility: The White Passport is a privilege extended solely to Indian government officials, ensuring its status as a hallmark of authority and distinction.
  • Official Travel: It is issued to individuals traveling abroad for official government duties, streamlining identification for immigration officials and customs personnel.
  • Efficient Treatment: The White Passport’s primary function is to facilitate seamless travel for government officials. Its distinctive color aids in the swift recognition of the traveler’s official status, ensuring they receive the appropriate formal treatment.
  1. Official or Diplomatic Passport

As the name suggests, an Official or Diplomatic Passport is granted to diplomats and government personnel traveling abroad for official duties. These passports are exclusively available to individuals representing the government and are easily recognizable by their distinctive white cover.

Key Features of the Official or Diplomatic Passport:

  • Diplomatic Distinction: Official passports are exclusively reserved for diplomats and senior government officials, creating a clear distinction in the types of passports issued.
  • Maroon Passport: It’s crucial to differentiate the maroon passport from the white one. While the white passport is required for any government official arranging international travel on behalf of the nation, the maroon passport is specifically designated for employees of the Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Services.
  • Streamlined Travel: Travel arrangements become more straightforward for individuals holding maroon passports. They not only enjoy unique treatment but also a host of benefits. Notably, maroon passport holders are exempt from the requirement of obtaining a visa for international travel.
  • Visa Exemption: Regardless of the duration of their stay abroad, maroon passport holders are not subjected to visa inquiries. This privilege simplifies their travel plans, allowing them to focus on official duties without visa-related concerns.
  • Efficient Immigration: Another advantage of holding a maroon passport is the expedited immigration process. Maroon passport holders benefit from faster immigration procedures, reducing wait times and expediting their entry or exit from foreign countries.
  1. Orange Passport

In 2018, a significant transformation occurred in the issuance of Indian passports with the introduction of the orange-colored passport. This change marked a departure from the traditional passport design by eliminating the address page within Indian passports. The resulting passport is markedly different from the ones that had been in use for several years. These revamped passports sport an aesthetically appealing, sleek design and crisp pages.

Key Features of the Orange Passport:

  • Enhancing Safety for ECR Citizens: The Ministry of External Affairs made it mandatory for Emigration Check Required (ECR) citizens to obtain passports with an orange stamp. This measure was introduced to provide added safety for citizens with limited education when seeking employment opportunities abroad. The unique orange passport stamp acts as a visual indicator of this safety initiative.
  • Streamlined Verification: The introduction of orange passports aimed to expedite the ECR verification and emigration procedures. By creating a distinct passport category, it became more straightforward for immigration and foreign staff to identify citizens who had not completed their education beyond the 10th grade.
  • Omission of Certain Details: Notably, the orange passport omits the last page and no longer includes the traveler’s father’s name or their permanent address. This streamlined design is characteristic of this passport category, with the goal of facilitating efficient immigration procedures.
  • Special Immigration Criterion: Orange passport holders are subject to a unique immigration criterion, ensuring that their verification and emigration processes align with the safety measures established for ECR citizens.

Eligibility Criteria for Different Types of Passports in India

The eligibility criteria for acquiring different types of passports in India may vary. Here is a general overview of the eligibility criteria for each type:

  1. Blue Passport (Type P Passport)
    • Applicant must be an Indian citizen.
  1. White Passport
    • Applicant must be an Indian citizen.
    • Reserved for government officials and individuals working in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and other government departments.
  1. Diplomatic Passport
    • Applicant must be an Indian citizen.
    • Reserved for government officials, diplomats, and individuals representing the Indian government on official diplomatic missions.
  1. Orange Passport
    • Applicant must be an Indian citizen.
    • Designed for individuals who have not completed education beyond Class 10.
    • Mainly issued to those falling under the Emigration Check Required (ECR) category.

How to Apply for a Passport in India?

To apply for a passport in India, follow these steps:

  • Visit the official Passport Seva website (www.passportindia.gov.in) and register as a new user. Create a user ID and password to access the online application form.
  • Log in to the Passport Seva Online Portal using your user ID and password. Fill in the required details in the online application form accurately, including personal information, address, and family details.
  • Select the appropriate passport type based on your travel requirements, such as a regular passport, Tatkal passport (for urgent travel), or diplomatic passport (for government officials and diplomats).
  • After filling in the application form, schedule an appointment at the nearest Passport Seva Kendra (PSK) or Passport Office. Choose a convenient date and time slot for your visit.
  • Pay the applicable passport fees online through the available payment options. The fee varies depending on the type of passport, the number of pages, and the speed of processing (normal or Tatkal).
  • On the scheduled appointment date, visit the selected PSK or Passport Office along with the required documents. Carry the original documents for verification.
  • At the PSK, your documents will be verified, and your biometric details, including fingerprints and photograph, will be captured.
  • After the submission, you can track the progress of your application online using the provided application reference number.
  • Once the application is processed and approved, the passport will be printed and dispatched to your registered address. You can also choose to collect it in person from the PSK.

It is important to note that the exact process and documentation requirements may vary based on the type of passport and individual circumstances. It is recommended to visit the official Passport Seva website or contact the nearest Passport Seva Kendra for detailed and up-to-date information specific to your application.

Documents Required to Apply for Passport in India

To ensure a smooth passport application process in India, it is important to have the necessary documents readily available. Here are the essential documents required:

  1. Address Proof: You will need to provide a valid address proof. Accepted documents include Aadhaar card, electricity bill, rent agreement, telephone or post-paid mobile bill, bank account passbook, and spouse’s passport copy, among others.
  2. Date of Birth Proof: You must submit a valid proof of your date of birth. This can be in the form of a birth certificate, school transfer or leaving certificate, PAN card, voter ID card, or any other document that clearly states your date of birth.

Read More: Check Your Passport Application Status

Passport Fee Structure in India

How to Make Payment for Indian Passport?

To facilitate the payment process for passport appointments, applicants have two options available for making online payments:

  1. e-Payment: Applicants can conveniently pay the service fee using various electronic payment methods, including credit cards, debit cards, or internet banking. This allows for a seamless and secure transaction experience.
  2. Bank Challan: Alternatively, applicants can choose to make the payment through a bank challan. This involves generating a challan and making the payment at any branch of the State Bank of India (SBI) within the country. The bank challan option provides an offline payment method for those who prefer to pay in person at a bank branch.

How to Track the Status of Your Passport Application?

Once you’ve finished your application, you can keep tabs on its progress through the official portal. Here’s how:

  • Start by visiting the Passport Seva platform’s homepage.
  • Locate and click on the “Track Application Status” button.
  • On the following page, input essential details such as your “Application Type,” “File Number,” and “Date of Birth.”
  • Finally, hit the “Track Status” button to access the current status of your application.

Also Read: Check Your Passport Application Status

How to Use Passport Fee Calculator?

  • Visit the official website of the Ministry of External Affairs, Govt. of India.
  • On the homepage, under the ‘Before You Apply’ section, locate the ‘Information Center’ option and click on it.
  • Next, find and click on the ‘Fee Calculator’ option.
  • The fee calculator tool will open, prompting you to input various details such as application type, service type, applicant’s age, validity, number of pages in the booklet, and scheme.
  • After entering these details, click on the ‘Calculate Fee’ button.
  • The calculated passport fee will then be displayed on the page for your reference.

What is the Duration Between Completing the Passport Application Process and Receiving Your Passport?


How can I apply for a Police Clearance Certificate (PCC)?

To apply for a Police Clearance Certificate (PCC), you need to fill out the PCC Form online via the Online Form Submission option. To submit your PCC application online, you must register as a user on the website (www.passportindia.gov.in) by clicking on the “Register” link on the home page.

Can someone else submit my passport application on my behalf?

As per the new system, it is mandatory for all applicants to be physically present at the Passport Seva Kendra (PSK) along with the Application Print receipt and original documents after submitting the application online.

I want to add my spouse’s name to my passport or change my existing personal particulars. Where can I apply for these changes?

If you want to add your spouse’s name to your passport or make changes to your personal particulars, you need to apply online for a re-issue of the passport at the respective Passport Seva Kendra (PSK).

Do I need to carry a printed Application Receipt (ARN) when visiting a PSK/POPSK for my appointment?

No, you no longer need to carry a printout of the Application Receipt. An SMS with your appointment details is sufficient proof during your visit to a Passport Seva Kendra (PSK), Post Office Passport Seva Kendra (POPSK), or Passport Office (PO).

Can I change my appointment date after making an online payment?

Once an appointment at the Passport Seva Kendra is confirmed, you can reschedule it up to two times within a year of the first appointment date. For Tatkaal appointments starting from April 1, 2023, only one rescheduling is allowed within a year of the first appointment date. For Police Clearance Certificates (PCC), only one appointment change is permitted within a year of the first appointment date.

What are the charges when paying through e-Mode payment options?

When using Debit/Credit cards, the bank will charge 1.5%+service tax. Any changes in these charges will be notified accordingly. However, there are no charges for using SBI internet banking or payment through challan. All relevant charges are displayed on the payment screen.

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