What is a Voter ID Card? Let’s Get Into the Basics

bySharath ReddyLast Updated: January 8, 2024
what is voter ID

Voting is the fundamental right of every adult in India, and the voter ID card is a fundamental part of exercising this right. Every Indian adult (18 years and above) should have their voter card and must apply for a duplicate one upon losing the original copy. In this blog, you will learn the necessary information regarding the Indian voter ID card.

What Is a Voter ID or Election Card?

The voter ID is also known as EPIC, which stands for Electors Photo Identity Card. As the world’s largest democracy, India organises voting sessions for different administration levels at different times of the year. To cast your vote in these elections, you need a voter ID card to prove your eligibility for voting. Having a legitimate voter ID card is mandatory to ensure fair elections.

What are the Components of Voter ID?

The components of a voter ID card include:

  • Serial number/voter ID number
  • Name of the cardholder
  • The hologram of the state
  • Gender of the cardholder
  • DOB of the cardholder
  • Issuing authority’s signature
  • Photograph of the voter
  • Father’s name of the cardholder
  • Address of the voter

What are the Documents Required For Voter ID?

The documents required to get a votar ID card are as follows:

  • Address Proof

Different types of address proofs you can submit to apply for a voter ID card are a passport, Aadhar card, ration card, etc. Apart from these, the rental agreement, bank passbook, or utility bill will also work.

  • Proof of Age

A birth certificate and class 10 certificate are the most commonly used age-proof to apply for a voter ID card. Apart from these, PAN, Aadhar, Kisan card, and driver’s licence will also work.

  • Proof of Identity 

Identity proof to apply for a voter ID card includes Aadhar and PAN cards, passports, ration cards, etc. Young adults can also use student ID cards as proof of identity. Apart from these, SSLC certificates, driver’s licence, a bank passbook copy, etc. are also considered as identity proofs.

How To Apply for a Voter ID?

You can apply for a voter ID card in two ways: online and offline. Both of them are discussed below:

  • Online

You can apply for a voter ID card online by visiting the official site of the Election Commission of India. On the site, you will need to choose your state and register yourself get the login credentials. With this credential, you must log in to the portal to get Form 6.

After that, you need to fill out the form and submit it with the soft copies of your document to complete the process.

  • Offline or In-person

In an offline or in-person process, you can simply go to your nearby ERO (Electoral Registration Office) and ask for Form 6. You need to fill out the form and provide the necessary documents to apply for the card.

How to Track the Status of Voter ID Application?

The process for checking the nirvachan card applications online is as follows:

Reach the Voter’s Service Portal and click on the “Track Application Status” option. Next, you need to enter your reference ID and get the details.

You can also check your voter ID card status offline. The steps are:

Step 1: Visit the ERO or Electoral Registration Office in your area

Step 2: Provide necessary details like your address, name, and application ID

Step 3: The working officer will help you find the status

Read More: What is EPIC Number in your Voter ID Card?

How to Verify Your Voter ID?

To verify your voter ID, you can check the Electoral Roll. For that, you need to choose “Search in Electoral Roll” in the National Voters Services Portal. Provide your EPIC number or other details to verify the ID.

Read More: How to Check Your Name in Voter List by SMS and Helpline

This blog was an attempt to help you understand the importance of voter ID as a first time voter. You can also easily get your voter id card online. The online application method has made the whole process much more convenient. 

What are the eligibility criteria for applying for a voter ID card?
The two criteria to apply for a voter ID card are that the applicant should be 18 years old and an Indian citizen.
How long does it take to get a voter ID card?
After successfully applying for it, it usually takes 30 days to get a voter ID card.
Which form do you need to fill out to correct a voter ID card?
You need to fill up Form 8 to correct any mistake on your existing voter ID.

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