New Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2023-24

byDilip PrasadLast Updated: July 16, 2023
New Income Tax Slab Rate

The 2023-2024 Income Tax Slab underwent significant changes with the implementation of the new income tax regime. The basic exemption threshold has increased to INR 3 lakhs, while the tax rebate for salaried individuals and taxpayers has risen to INR 7 lakhs from its previous limit of INR 5 lakhs. The blog details the income tax slab changes and new rates under the new tax regime of 2023-2024.

What Does the Term “Income Tax Slab” Mean?

In India, individuals are subject to income tax based on a system of slabs, wherein different income ranges are associated with distinct tax rates. As one’s income increases, the corresponding tax rates also rise. This approach to taxation aims to create a just and progressive tax structure within the country. The income tax slabs undergo periodic revisions, typically during each budgetary cycle. These slab rates vary depending on the different groups of taxpayers.

Income Tax Slab Rates: FY 2022-23 (AY 2023-24)

a. New Tax regime

b. Old Tax Regime

Income Tax Slabs for Individuals Below 60 Years and HUF

Income Tax Slab for Individuals aged 60-80 years

Income Tax Slab for Individuals aged 80 years and above

Tax Rate Comparison: New Tax Regime vs. Old Tax Regime for FY 2022-23 (AY 2023-24)

Updated Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2023-24 (AY 2023-24) – New Regime

Taxable Income Sources in India

  • Business Income: Profits earned by businesses, taxed based on real or presumed income after deductions. Rates vary for individuals and corporations.
  • Salary or Pension: Taxes imposed on base salary, allowances, salary profit, and pension after retirement. Tax rates differ based on the age of the individual.
  • Property Income: Rental income from owning multiple houses, considered part of the taxpayer’s income and taxed at applicable rates.
  • Capital Gains Income: Income generated from selling assets such as gold, real estate, mutual fund units, stocks, debentures, etc. Can be long-term or short-term capital gains, taxed separately from income tax slabs.
  • Lottery, Races, and More Income: Winnings from lotteries, horse races, and similar activities are subject to taxation separately from income tax slabs.

Key Points to Consider When Opting for the New Tax Regime

Key points to consider when opting for the new tax regime are as follows:

  • The tax rates in the new tax regime are uniform for all categories of individuals, including Individuals, Senior citizens, and Super senior citizens.
  • Individuals with a net taxable income of up to Rs 5 lakh will qualify for a tax rebate under section 87A, resulting in zero tax liability in both the new and old/existing tax regimes.
  • Starting from the fiscal year 2023-24, the rebate under the new regime has been increased, allowing income up to Rs 7 lakh to be tax-free.
  • If the income surpasses a certain threshold, a surcharge will be applicable:
    • 10% of the income tax if the total income exceeds Rs. 50 lakh.
    • 15% of the income tax if the total income exceeds Rs. 1 crore.
    • 25% of the income tax if the total income exceeds Rs. 2 crore.
    • 37% of the income tax if the total income exceeds Rs. 5 crore.
  • In Budget 2023, the highest surcharge rate of 37% has been reduced to 25% in the new tax regime, effective from April 1, 2023.
  • Surcharge rates of 25% or 37% will not apply to incomes taxable under sections 111A (Short Term Capital Gain on Shares), 112A (Long Term Capital Gain on Shares), and 115AD (Tax on income of Foreign Institutional Investors). The maximum surcharge rate for such incomes will be 15%.
  • Starting from the Assessment Year 2023-24, the maximum surcharge rate on tax payable for dividend income or capital gains mentioned in Section 112 will be 15%. The surcharge rate for an Association of Persons (AOP) consisting entirely of companies will also be limited to 15%.
  • An additional Health and Education cess of 4% will be levied on the income tax liability and surcharge in all cases.

Criteria for Choosing the New Tax Regime

If you decide to go for the New Tax regime with lower rates, you’ll need to give up certain exemptions and deductions that are available in the old tax regime. There are a total of 70 deductions and exemptions that are not allowed, and some of the commonly used ones are listed below:

Allowable Deductions under the New Tax Rate Regime

Under the new tax rate regime, there are several common deductions that individuals can claim. These deductions include:

How Can Income Tax be Calculated Using Income Tax Slabs?

Suresh has a total taxable income of Rs 10,00,000. This income has been calculated by including earnings from multiple sources such as salary, rental income, and interest income. Deductions under section 80 have also been accounted for. Suresh wants to determine his tax dues for the financial year 2022-23 (assessment year 2023-2024).

The following tax slabs and rates are applicable:

Therefore, Suresh’s total tax liability for the financial year 2022-23 (assessment year 2023-2024) in India amounts to Rs 1,17,000.

Income Tax Slabs: Pre and Post-Budget Comparison

Here is the comparison of income tax slabs under the new tax regime for FY 2022-23 (AY 2023-24) and FY 2023-24 (AY 2024-25):

Old Tax Regime vs New Tax Regime: Which is Better?

The new tax regime benefits middle-class taxpayers with a taxable income up to Rs 15 lakh. It is advantageous for individuals who make fewer investments, as they can benefit from lower tax rates. On the other hand, the old regime is preferable for high-income earners who have significant investments and qualify for higher tax deductions. Choosing between the two depends on individual circumstances and financial goals. It is recommended to evaluate both regimes and select the one that provides the most advantages based on your specific situation.


Which is better old tax regime or new?

Choosing between the old or new tax system is based on your personal money situation and taxes you owe. It’s a good idea to talk to a financial expert or tax expert to figure out which one is best for you.

What are the latest guidelines for filing income tax returns?

The procedure for filing income tax returns (ITR) remains unchanged, however, the new tax system will be the default choice for taxpayers. Despite this, taxpayers still have the option to switch to the previous tax system if they prefer.

What are the deductions for salaried and senior citizens under the old and new tax regimes?

A standard deduction of Rs 50,000 for salaried individuals and deductions from family pension up to Rs 15,000 will be allowed under both the old and new tax regimes.

What is the maximum earnings limit for tax exemption for individuals?

The maximum earnings limit for tax exemption for individuals is 2,50,000 Rupees.

What is the tax rate imposed on earnings between 2,50,001 and 10,00,000 Rupees?

The tax rate imposed on earnings between 2,50,001 and 5,00,000 Rupees is 5%. For income ranging from 5,00,001 to 10,00,000 Rupees, the tax obligation is 20%.

What is the limit for total income that requires no income tax payment?

If your total income is up to Rs 7 lakh, you are not required to pay any income tax as the rebate limit has been raised to this amount.

What is the expected tax savings for a total income of Rs 9 lakh and Rs 15 lakh?

For a total income of Rs 9 lakh, you can expect to save Rs 15,600 (with cess) on your income tax. For a total income of Rs 15 lakh, you can expect to save Rs 39,000 (with cess) on your income tax.

What common deductions are no longer available in the 2023-2024 income tax changes?

In the 2023-2024 income tax changes, the following common deductions have been removed: Leave travel allowance, Chapter VI-A tax deductions (such as 80C, 80D, 80E, etc.), excluding section 80CCD(2), HRA, professional tax, and interest in housing loan (self occupied).

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