A Detailed Overview of Motor Vehicles Act 1988

byDilip PrasadJanuary 2, 2024
A Detailed Overview of Motor Vehicles Act 1988

The Motor Vehicles Act was introduced in 1988 to govern road vehicles and ensure that vehicle owners are obeying the rules and regulations. Further, the act was created to replace the Motor Vehicles Act of 1939.

Notably, the idea of the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 was to ensure the implementation of a law that would accommodate the quickly changing vehicular technology and the demand for vehicles in India. It also left room for future improvements to allow lawmakers to bring new rules and regulations to ensure vehicle, passenger and pedestrian safety.

Read on to learn about the Motor Vehicles Act 1988 in detail.

What is the Motor Vehicles Act?

Indian Motor Vehicles Act contains all the rules and regulations related to road transport, traffic regulation, registration of motor vehicles, and permissions. Moreover, it includes provisions for vehicle insurance and other penalties.

But, the most crucial part of this new law is the implementation of Motor Vehicles Act Section 3 without fail. According to this section, anyone driving on Indian roads must have a driving licence. This act was finally imposed on July 1, 1989. 

Moving on, in September 2019, the Indian Parliament introduced new amendments to the MV Act. It includes the following changes:

  • Aadhaar card is compulsory for applying for a driver’s licence and vehicle registration.
  • The penalty for drunk driving has been increased to Rs 10,000.
  • The government will provide a reimbursement of Rs 2 lakh for the families of the hit-and-run victims.
  • Legal guardians will be responsible if a minor drives under supervised or unsupervised conditions. 
  • The liability limit of the third party will be removed in case an individual passes away or incurs serious injury.

What are the Offences Covered Under the Motor Vehicles Act? 

Different sections of the Motor Vehicles Act cover the following offences:

Updated List of Traffic Fines for Different Violations in India 

  • Penalties for general offences in terms of Motor Vehicles Act:
  • Penalties for motor vehicles according to the MV Act:

Read more: A Guide to Vehicle Number Plates: Components, Types, and Regulations

The Motor Vehicles Act 1988 covers all the rules, regulations, and penalties for the road transport system in India. However, the government introduced some radical changes in the act through the amendment of 2019. The new act is encompassing more firm rules and penalties. So, it goes without saying that it’s compulsory for all persons to comply with these norms to ensure their and fellow citizens’ safety and enjoy driving.


What types of forms are required for a new vehicle registration?

They are Form 20, Form 21, and Form 34. If you do not have a PAN card, then you must submit Form 60 and Form 61.

What are the main features of the MV Act?

Every car owner must have a driver’s licence, vehicle registration and insurance that offer mandatory third-party coverage.

What is the penalty for violating the yellow line?

The penalty for violating the yellow line is Rs 100.

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