Fixed deposits and liquid funds are not the same thing. They differ in terms of features, benefits, limitations, market risks, and other factors. Before investing or selecting one for investment, it is always a good idea to understand the difference between liquid funds and fixed deposits.
In this blog, we will understand the difference between liquid funds vs FD and more about them.
What is the Difference between Liquid funds vs FD or Fixed deposit?
|Particulars||Fixed Deposits||Liquid Funds|
|Risk||Low risk||Higher risk (compared to fixed deposits)|
|Returns||Fixed-rate of interest||No guaranteed returns|
Tends to offer better returns as compared to fixed deposits
|Liquidity||Fixed deposits have a maturity period from 7 days to 10 years (varies from bank to bank)|
Premature withdrawal attracts a penaltyÂ
|Exit load levied on funds that are redeemed within 7 days of holding them|
From the 7th day onwards, there is no exit load on the redemption
Offer better liquidity
|Tenure||7 days to 10 years||7 days to 91 days|
|Suitable for||Short term and long term investors||Long term investors|
What are Liquid Funds?
One of the many types of mutual funds are liquid funds. These funds are invested in short-term interest-bearing money market instruments such as high-yielding corporate and government bonds, treasury bills, commercial papers, and so on. In most cases, liquid funds mature in 91 days.
- Liquid funds tend to offer safety in the form of capital preservation
- These funds invest in highly-rated money market instruments
- They are considered a little safer investment option than other types of mutual funds
- The investor can redeem the funds at any time, and the funds will be deposited into his or her bank account within 24 hours
What are the Benefits of Liquid Funds?
Listed below are a few of the benefits of liquid funds-
- Liquid funds are considered good in terms of providing better returns to investors than savings and current accounts
- They are less volatile because they are invested in high credit rating instruments
- Liquid funds do not have exit loads
- Liquid mutual funds mature in 91 days
- Such funds are liquid in nature and can be redeemed in a single day
- They are unaffected by interest rate fluctuations
- These funds are managed by professionals
- Liquid funds require a minimum amount of Rs 500 to invest
- They offer both growth and dividend options
- Liquid funds have a 7-day lock-in period, unlike regular fixed deposits where premature withdrawal attracts a penalty that must be paid
Who is Eligible to Invest in Liquid Funds?
Following are eligible to invest in liquid funds-
- These funds are appropriate for investors with substantial cash
- For those looking to invest in short-term investment instruments
- It can be used as a medium to invest in equity funds
- Anyone who would want to invest an amount as an emergency fund
- Someone who wants to invest the amount without the lock-in period barrier
What Should be Taken Care of When Investing in Liquid Funds?
A few things should be taken into consideration about liquid funds before investing in them-
- Liquid funds, one of the various types of mutual funds, are unaffected by market conditions as they get matured within 91 days. Still, it is advised to ensure that the Net Asset Value (NAV) is not affected by the fluctuations in net asset value
- A fee has to be paid by the investor to manage liquid funds
- Investors, with the aim of creating emergency funds can find liquid funds the ideal option to invest in. These funds provide higher returns while also allowing the investor to redeem the funds at any time
- Before investing in liquid funds, it is advised to connect with experts and know how much interest is generated by such funds
What is a Fixed Deposit?
Fixed deposits are also known as ‘term deposits’ or ‘time deposits.’ They are among the most secure investment instrument services provided by non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and banks. FDs allow investors to deposit a lump sum amount for a predetermined period of time. In addition, FD provides users with a plethora of other features such as-
- Depositors can earn interest on their deposits for a set period of time.
- Once locked in, the interest rate is unaffected by changes in the market or interest rates.
- A fixed deposit amount cannot be withdrawn before the maturity date, and if a depositor wishes to do so, he or she must pay a penalty.
- Depositors can earn interest either on a regular basis or at the maturity of their FD.
- FD tenure can range from 7 days to 10 years or more (might vary from one bank to another)
What are the Benefits of Fixed Deposit?
The benefits of fixed deposits are numerous, a few among them are listed below-
- Fixed deposits are considered the safest investment option when compared to other types of savings investments.
- The interest rate on the fixed deposit account remains unchanged even after market fluctuations, that too, throughout the decided tenure
- When a fixed deposit account matures, customers can either direct banks to credit the amount or reinvest the amount for another predetermined tenure.
- FDs provide a guaranteed rate of interest
- There are several banks that offer tenure from 7 days to 10 years
- Several banks offer fixed deposits with tax-saving benefits
- Customers can use the FD calculator on the respective bank’s website to calculate the interest they will receive on the deposited amount.
- Banks offer flexibility to their customers to choose the tenure for fixed deposits
Who is Eligible to Open a Fixed Deposit Account?
Following are eligible to open a fixed deposit account-
- A person who wishes to continue saving money while avoiding market risk
- A user who works as a housekeeper and has a good income
- If you have taxable income, an FD can be a tax-saving investment instrument
- A retired person looking for a regular source of income
What should be taken care of when Investing in Fixed Deposits?
The right way to choose fixed deposits is to go through the following factors-
- Compare the various types of fixed deposits provided by various banks.
- The type of fixed deposit that best meets your needs
- The lender’s credibility as determined by the ICRA and CRISIL ratings
- The selected bank’s customer service
- If the bank provides FD-related flexibility,
- If a large number of documents must be submitted, or if only KYC documentation is required (like in the case of Paytm Payments Bank fixed deposit process)